TNG Explains: Amortization and your mortgage – what you should know
Mortgage costs depend on the term and amortization period, impacting interest rates and payments.
Jan 11, 2024
Statistically, you’ll likely have a mortgage at some point in your life. More than one-third (35.5%)
of Canadians hold a mortgage. Mortgage is not only the most common but also
the most significant kind of debt held by Canadians.
The amount of your mortgage will depend on a few factors; the amount of your down payment,
whether you opt for a variable, fixed, or hybrid interest rate, and how often you plan to pay – weekly,
biweekly, or monthly.
But the most significant impact on how much you’ll ultimately wind up paying for your home depends
on your amortization period. Your mortgage amortization is different from your mortgage term, though
both greatly impact your payments. Combined, your mortgage term and amortization period will affect
your overall costs, interest rates, and regular payment amounts.
So, what’s the difference between a mortgage term and an amortization period?
The mortgage term is the length of your current mortgage contract with your lender. Mortgage terms,
which includes everything your contract outlines including the interest rate, can range anywhere
from a few months to five years or longer. At the end of each term, you’ll be required to renew
your mortgage term either with your current lender or a new one. You’ll need to renew your
mortgage term several times over the lifetime of your mortgage, ending once you no longer
owe money on the mortgage.
The amortization period is the time you’ll take to pay off your mortgage in full. Total amortization is
an estimate based on the interest rate of your current mortgage term. While the length of an
amortization period can vary based on the mortgage term and interest rate, the longest being 25 years,
if your down payment is less than 20% of the price of your home and therefore insured by the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). Otherwise, amortization periods can last 35 to 40 years,
depending on your lender.
This graphic from the Financial Consumer Agency of Canada breaks down an example of a $300,000
mortgage with a 5-year term and an amortization of 25 years.
The most typical mortgage in Canada has a 5-year mortgage term with a 25-year amortization period.
How do your mortgage and amortization terms affect your costs?
Remember that your mortgage term sets the interest rate and interest type (fixed, variable, Hybrid
or combination mortgages) and how long you will be paying that rate. Your payments will be
higher or lower depending on your interest rate and whether you opt for a fixed or variable rate.
With your amortization period, the longer the term, the lower your regular payments will be.
However, the longer your amortization period, the more overall interest you will pay over the
lifetime of your mortgage.
Talk to your mortgage professional to learn more about mortgage terms and amortization periods and
how they will impact your mortgage payments.
This article is for informational purposes only and is not financial or legal advice nor a substitute for legal counsel.